Aluminum Nitrate, Formula, Molar Mass, Uses and Properties

Aluminum nitrate is a solid compound that can be seen as either a white or colorless crystal. It easily dissolves in water and acts as a powerful oxidizing agent, which means it reacts strongly with reducing agents.

Aluminum Nitrate Molar Mass

The calculate the molar mass of aluminum nitrate (Al(NO3)3) by adding the atomic mass numbers of its constituent elements.

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Aluminum Nitrate, Formula, Molar Mass, Uses and Properties

Aluminum (Al) is 26.98 g/mol. 

Nitrogen (N) is 14.01 g/mol. 

Oxygen (O) is 16.00 g/mol.

The molar mass of aluminum nitrate is: 

3 x (14.01 g/mol for nitrogen + 3 x 16.00 g/mol for oxygen) + 26.98 g/mol for aluminum 

= 3 x (14.01 g/mol + 48.00 g/mol) + 26.98 g/mol 

= 3 x 62.01 g/mol + 26.98 g/mol 

= 186.03 g/mol + 26.98 g/mol 

= 213.01 g/mol.

The molar mass of aluminum nitrate is 213.01 g/mol.

Aluminum Nitrate Chemical formula

The chemical formula for aluminum nitrate is Al(NO3)3.

Chemical Structure 

The structure of aluminum nitrate is described as a network of Al3+ ions surrounded by nitrate (NO3-) ions. Each aluminum ion is surrounded by six oxygen atoms, which form an octahedral coordination geometry around the central aluminum ion.

              O

              |

    O -- -   N- -- O

    ||     ||

    O        O

     \

      Al

Aluminium Nitrate Properties

The physical and chemical properties of aluminum nitrate are as follows:

Appearance: It is a white crystalline solid. 

Odor: It is odorless. 

Density: 1.72 g/cm³. 

Melting point: 73 °C (163 °F). 

Boiling point: 135 °C (275 °F). 

Solubility: Easily soluble in water and ethanol.

Chemical Properties

Chemical formula: Al(NO3)3. 

Molecular weight: 213.01 g/mol. 

Acidic or Alkaline: Acidic. 

Reactivity: This substance is known for its powerful oxidizing properties and its ability to react with reducing agents. Additionally, it can be corrosive and may cause significant irritation to the skin and eyes.

Aluminum Nitrate Uses

1. It is used as a powerful oxidizing agent and it is used as a corrosion inhibitor.

2. It is used in water treatment plants to remove impurities from water. It is used as a coagulant in water treatment plants to help remove organic matter.

3. Aluminum nitrate is used as a catalyst, used to speed up the rate of reactions in chemical processes.

4. These are used in the dyeing and printing of cloth.

5. It is used in the production of antiperspirants to help reduce sweat production and prevent body odor.

6. It is used as a preservative of wood.

7. It is a tanning of leather.

8. It is a production of explosives.

9. It is used in agriculture as a fertilizer to provide nitrogen essential nutrients to plants.

Aluminum nitrate ionic or covalent

Aluminum nitrate (Al(NO3)3) is classified as an ionic compound. It is created through the exchange of electrons between the aluminum cation (Al3+) and the nitrate ion (NO3-). The aluminum cation carries a positive charge, while the nitrate ion carries a negative charge. The compound as a whole remains neutral due to the balanced charges of the cations and anions.

>What is Argon Gas, Uses and Applications Explained

What is another name for aluminum nitrate?

Another name for aluminum nitrate is tri-ammonium dinitratodialuminate and aluminum salt.

Is aluminum nitrate a salt?

Yes, it is an aluminum salt.

What is the pH of aluminum nitrate?

The pH of aluminum nitrate is about 2.8 to 3.8.

BANTI SINGH

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