Determination of Iodine Value With Wij's Solution | Iodine Value Content in Oils

Determination of iodine value in Oils, Fats, and Wax by Wij's Solution method. And this method applies to all types of oils and wax. 


a). Glass stoppered Iodine flasks, 500ml.

b). Glass stoppered Volumetric flasks.

c). Pipette, 20ml.

d). Two Pipettes, 25ml.

e). Filter Paper, Whatman No.41H, or equivalent.


a). Wij’s Solution, Reagent Grade.

b). Carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) or Chloroform (CHCl3)

c). Potassium Iodide (KI), reagent grade.

d). 0.1N Sodium thiosulphate(Na2S2O3.5H2O)

e). Starch Solution as an Indicator.

Hanus Solution Preparation Procedure and Composition 

The Procedure of Iodine Value 

In this method, Wij’s reagent is first prepared by dissolving 8.5gms of iodine and 7.5gms of iodine monochloride in warm glacial acetic acid and then making up to 1000cc, in cold water.

a). Weigh accurately 0.1gm (if unsaturation is high) to 0.5gm (if unsaturation is low) of the sample in a 250ml glass stoppered flask.

b). Dissolve the sample in 10ml of chloroform(CHCl3) or carbon tetrachloride(CCl4) warming slightly if necessary.

c). Cool the solution well if warmed, and then again add a similar volume of 10ml of chloroform(CHCl3) or carbon tetrachloride(CCl4) to another flask containing no sample(Blank).

d). Now add 25ml of Wij’s solution into the flask containing the sample and an equal volume (25ml)into the blank.

Determination of iodine value | Iodine value of oil

e). Shake each flask vigorously and allow it to stand in the dark for half an hour. Now the solutions in each flask are diluted with 50-100ml of water and 15cc of 10% KI solution is added to the solution in each flask.

f). The stopper and sides of the beaker are rinsed with water.

g). Now titrate the solutions, with standard 0.1N Sodium Thiosulphate solution (Standardized with standard K2Cr2O7 solution).

h). Starch solution is added when the yellow color nearly disappears with the addition of the sulfate.

i). Titrate the solution up to the endpoint, when the blue color formed by the addition of starch is suddenly discharged.

Diphenylamine Sulfonate for the Determination of Iron with K2Cr2O7


Iodine value formula

\[Iodine Value (IV) = (B - S) * N * 12.692 / (Weight)\]


B=ml of thiosulphate required by blank

S= ml of thiosulphate required by the sample

N=Normality of thiosulphate

Carbon Tetrachloride Formula, Structure, Molar Mass, and Uses

What is called iodine value?

The iodine value is a measure of the unsaturation or amount of unsaturated fatty acids present in fats and oils. It is expressed as the number of grams of iodine that react with 100 gm of the sample.

Hi I'm Banti Singh, a Chemical Engineer! Welcome all of you to my blog. If you got the information right? Share the information. All of you Thank you


Thanks to visit this site.

  1. what will the normailty of wij's solution after preparation by above method ?

  2. thou i prepared the solution with different proportion, but my blank/normailty of wij's soltion is not constant it change by month
    how to maintain its stability ?

    1. Store your stock wijs solution in a dark bottle and dark room.

Post a Comment
Previous Post Next Post