What is Magnesium Chloride and What Makes it Unique?

Magnesium chloride is an inorganic compound with the formula MgCl2. It is a white colored crystalline solid. And Magnesium chloride is a naturally occurring mineral salt found in many parts of the world. 

Magnesium Chloride Formula

Magnesium chloride has the chemical formula MgCl2, consisting of one magnesium atom and two chloride atoms.

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Magnesium is a metal and is located in group 2 of the periodic table. This results in the formation of two positively charged Mg2+ ions and two negatively charged Cl- ions, which attract each other and form a crystal lattice structure.

Magnesium Chloride Formula

The formula magnesium chloride (MgCl2) has an ionic bond between one magnesium atom and two chloride atoms, resulting in a crystal lattice structure with two positively charged Mg2+ ions and two negatively charged Cl- ions.

Magnesium Chloride Structure

     Cl- Mg2+,  Cl- Mg2+

     Mg2+ Cl-,  Mg2+ Cl-

     Cl- Mg2+,  Cl- Mg2+

     Mg2+ Cl-,  Mg2+ Cl-

Magnesium Chloride Properties

Melting point = 714°C

Boiling point = 1412°C

Density of Magnesium Chloride = 2.32 g/cm³

Solubility = Magnesium chloride is highly soluble in water, with a solubility of 54 g/100 mL at 25°C.

Hygroscopicity = Magnesium chloride is hygroscopic, it absorbs moisture from the air.

pH = The pH of magnesium chloride is about 6.0 and this magnesium chloride is slightly acidic.

Chemical reactivity = It is a stable compound that does not react with most substances. And it reacts with strong oxidizing agents and some metals.

Magnesium Chloride Uses

1. Magnesium chloride is used as de-icing on roads, bridges and airports. It prevents the formation of ice by lowering the freezing point of water.

2. Magnesium chloride is used as a dust suppression or control agent on paved roads, construction sites, and mining operations.

3. Magnesium chloride is used as a source of magnesium in food and pharmaceutical products.

4. Magnesium chloride is used to soften water and remove impurities in water treatment.

5. Magnesium chloride is used to improve the quality of the soil, it is used as a fertilizer.

6. Textile production, paper manufacturing and fireproofing. Magnesium chloride is used as a catalyst in chemical reactions in industry.

Magnesium chloride benefits

Magnesium chloride is a good source of magnesium, which plays an essential and important role in maintaining healthy levels in the body.

Magnesium chloride also helps lower blood pressure, reduce the risk of heart disease, and improve heart function.

Magnesium chloride helps produce immune cells and reduce inflammation.

Magnesium Chloride side effects

Magnesium chloride (MgCl2) is generally safe for most people. However, there are some side effects associated with excessive consumption of magnesium chloride. Here are some possible side effects of magnesium chloride:

1. Digestive issues

2. Allergic reactions

3. Interactions with medications

4. Dehydration

5. Muscle weakness

6. Low blood pressure

Magnesium chloride ice melt

Magnesium chloride is commonly used as an ice-melting agent on roads, bridges, and sidewalks. It is an effective de-icing agent as it lowers the freezing point of water.

Ethyl magnesium chloride on reaction with benzophenone gives which alcohol

When ethyl magnesium chloride reacts with benzophenone, the resulting product is 1-phenylethanol (alpha-phenylethanol). 

This reaction is a Grignard reaction, where ethyl magnesium chloride acts as a nucleophile and attacks the carbonyl group of the benzophenone, forming a magnesium alkoxide intermediate. The intermediate then reacts with water, producing 1-phenylethanol as the final product.

C6H5COC6H5 + C2H5MgCl → C6H5CH2OMgCl + C2H5Cl

C6H5CH2OMgCl + H2O → C6H5CH2OH + MgCl(OH)

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