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SOP for Chemical Emergencies | Chemical Emergency Examples

SOP for Chemical Emergencies | Chemical Emergency Examples

The objective of this sop is to make the people aware, of how to handle the chemical which is spilled suddenly and may harm working people in the laboratory or where applicableThe scope of this sop lies with Chemicals Industries.

RESPONSIBILITIES

All the employees or people working with hazardous chemicals follow the SOP. Department Head to implement the SOP.

>Environmental Health & Safety Procedure Manual 

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The procedure for Chemical Emergencies

General

Know as much as possible about the chemical you are handling. Read the label on the container, material safety data sheets, and literature in the library, and consult with your senior staff. Don’t use any chemical material if you are unaware of the hazards associated with all avenues of exposure

Hazardous Flammable Liquids

Vapour can form an ignitable mixture in the air. Many flammable liquids are solvents and are potentially hazardous by inhalation. Skin contact should be avoided, irritation or skin absorption are possible with some chemicals in this group.

Chemical Emergencies programme

Damage to the eyes ranges from irritation to severe damage.

Controls of Flammable liquids hazardous

Work wearing proper PPE whenever using the chemicals.

If materials will be transferred from drums into smaller containers to assure that proper anti-static measures are implemented.

All spills must be cleaned up immediately and the spill area properly decontaminated.

Immediately washing the eye shall be used when skin or eye contact occurs. Get first aid attention immediately.

What is Chemical Engineering?

Corrosive Chemicals Hazardous

Contact with the skin, eyes, respiratory, or digestive tract causes severe irritation, tissue damage, or burns. Burns may not be readily apparent after exposure to some acids (e.g., hydrofluoric).

Store concentrated acids and bases inappropriate drip trays or plastic carriers if used frequently.

Concentrated acids and bases should be transported in a plastic carrier.

Oxidizing acids (nitric, sulfuric, perchloric) must be stored away from organic chemicals, paper, wood, or other flammables.

Chemical emergency examples

If found Drip -tray residue must be removed daily.

Corrosive Chemicals Hazardous Controls

The following safety equipment will be utilized when handling corrosive chemicals.

In case of splashing to the skin Flush the affected area with large amounts of water for at least 15 minutes.

Remove contaminated clothing and discard it during the flushing process. Seek medical attention.

Never add water to concentrated mineral acids or bases.

Reactive Chemicals

Water sensitive - react violently in the presence of water read the label direction for storage and handling of reactive chemicals.

Pyrophoric materials - ignite in air at or below room temperature without additional heat, friction, or shock. Store in an atmosphere of inert gas or under kerosene; exclude air.

Controls Reactive Chemicals

Read the container label and follow the special hazard instructions contained in the MSDS.

 Use only in a fume hood unless specifically authorised. eg Water sensitive (Sodium, Potassium, Metal alkyls, Lithium ribbons.

Pyrophoric Materials (Phosphorus, Metal alkyls)

Chemical Emergency Equipment

Each laboratory employee shall be familiar with the location, application, and correct ways to operate the following equipment.

Fire extinguisher.

First-aid Box.

PPE’s

Sand pot.

Location of emergency telephone numbers and telephones.

EMERGENCY PROCEDURES

Prevention is necessary to ensure that emergencies do not occur. No emergency plan will do all things for all emergency situations. Preventive measures include employee training, facility inspection programs, and engineering design of hazardous materials processes. Laboratory risks include accidents or injuries, chemical releases, fires, leakages, spillages, etc, or other emergency situations.

Chemical emergency

An emergency response team is formed to address the same.

Laboratory employees must call HR / FM for any situation that is determined to be an emergency.

Laboratory activities, which are beyond their capability to safely clean up, and which

Presents an acute fire or health hazard shall contact HR / FM to report the spill as an Emergency.

Laboratory spills, which may be handled by lab personnel routinely exclude but are not limited to broken thermometers, and breakage of glassware containing small quantities of hazardous chemicals.

EMPLOYEE TRAINING for Chemical Emergencies

All laboratory employees shall be trained on the hazards of chemicals present in their work area. The Organization is responsible for assuring all lab employees are appropriately trained.

The aim of the training program is to assure that all individuals at risk are adequately

Informed about the work in the laboratory, its risks, and what to do if an accident occurs.

This training shall be provided at the time of an employee's initial assignment to a work area where hazardous chemicals are present. It shall also be provided prior to assignments involving new exposure situations.

The training shall be arranged by the organization.

All heads of the departments must also be trained and oriented by the organization on the SOP.

ABBREVIATIONS

SOPStandard Operating Procedure

PPE:  Personal Protective Equipment

REFERENCE: NIL

>Standard Operating Procedures for the Laboratory safety

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